Created by the US government in 1990 to attract investment and especially to generate jobs, the EB-5 Visa and later the EB-5 Visa Program have become a huge success, with the growing participation of dozens of thousands of individuals and families from around the world. The USA makes available 10,000 EB-5 Visas per year, which have been completely taken every year since 2014.
Unlike most of the other visas granted by the United States, the EB-5 Visa is an immigration visa, which allows its holders and their families to directly obtain the permanent residency in the United States (Green Card).
The concept of investment in which the EB-5 Program is based comes from the US capitalist culture, in the sense of long-term commitment of resources (financial or not), with the intention of generating wealth. It does not have a speculative character and does not assume the immigrant "investor" is necessarily an entrepreneur, a business manager or even a professional investor.
The EB-5 Visa can be obtained by any person, regardless of his/her profession, education, experience, age, investment knowledge, fluency in English, etc. EB-5 Program participants are defined as "investors" because they meet the requirement to commit long-term resources with the intention of generating jobs and economic development. There is no need have prior investor or entrepreneur experience, and the vast majority of the Program participants do not.